How will I know how much home I can afford?
What are income and debt ratios?
What are "cash reserves"?
How much money do I need for down payment?
How much money do I need for closing costs?
What is Private Mortgage insurance? (PMI)
Can I qualify for a VA loan?
What if I don't have any established credit?
What if I had credit problems in the past?
What if I've filed bankruptcy?
What if I am new on my job?
What does "loan to value" (LTV) mean?
How do I "lock in" my interest rate?
What is an 80/10/10 and an 80/15/5?
What do I need to bring to closing?
How much home insurance do I need?
What is the Annual Percentage Rate on my Truth in Lending Document?
A. A Mortgage Loan Originator can work with you to pre-qualify you BEFORE you look for a home. Based upon information you present to the Mortgage Loan Originator on the loan pre-qualification, a determination will be made as to the approximate amount of money that you will be allowed to borrow. You will be "pre-qualified" for that loan amount.
By allowing your Mortgage Loan Originator to run your credit report and verify your assets and income, your loan application can be submitted to the underwriter for a full credit approval. We can help you obtain a complete written credit approval (subject to an appraisal) before you make an offer on a home, if you desire.
A. The Income Ratio is your total monthly housing expense divided by your gross monthly income (before taxes). The Debt Ratio is your total monthly housing expense PLUS any recurring debts (i.e., monthly credit card minimum payment, car payments, or other loan payments) divided by your income. Standard underwriting suggest a maximum guideline of 28% on the Income Ratio and 36% on the Debt Ratio, but these ratios can vary based on the loan program, the financial strength of the borrower and the down payment.
A. Cash Reserves are the funds a borrower has remaining after their loan funds. The normal requirement could be monies equal to two months of the mortgage payment. The amount of Cash Reserves varies by loan program, but larger reserves are a strong compensating factor.
A. There are loan programs available that do not require a down payment. For most loans a minimum down payment of 5% is required, plus money for closing costs. Some programs allow the down payment and/or closing costs to be a gift from a family member. A Mortgage Loan Originator can advise you about these different types of loans.
A. Mortgage Insurance insures lenders in the event of a borrower's foreclosure. It is paid for by the borrower, and allows lenders to grant loans that they otherwise would not consider. Depending on credit scores and loan structure, mortgage insurance may be required when the down payment is less than 20%.
A. VA loans, guaranteed by the Veteran's Administration, are for veterans who meet a certain criteria. VA loans do not require any down payment and in some cases the seller may be willing to pay all or part of the closing costs. This allows the veteran to purchase a home with little or no money down. To find out if you qualify for a VA loan, ask your loan officer for an 1880 form for you to complete. After you have completed this form, submit it and your discharge papers (or DD214) to your local VA office to determine your eligibility. Active military personnel may also be eligible for a VA loan.
A. If you do not have enough established credit, your Mortgage Loan Originator can work with you to document alternate credit information. If you have been renting, we can obtain a rental rating from your landlord as a way of verifying your payment history. Or, we can contact your utility companies, phone service, cable companies or car insurance carrier to obtain a rating on your payment history. Not all loan programs will accept alternative documentation on your credit. There are, however, both government and conventional programs that will accept this type of payment history to establish credit qualifications.
A. Your credit payment history lets the Lender know your intentions to repay the loan. Therefore, a good credit history is important, but a perfect credit history is not. Credit counseling agencies specialize in meeting with clients and reviewing your credit history. If you have any outstanding credit obligations that need to be handled, the credit agency can work with you and help you make arrangements to pay any outstanding debts that you may have.
First-time home buyers can also attend seminars that will review the home purchasing process and requirements.
A. A new job can work in your favor when you apply for your loan. Loan program guidelines look for a two-year job history in the same field, but a job change for a better position is looked upon favorably. If you are a recent college graduate, you may be able to obtain a loan even though you don't have a two-year work history.
A. Loan-to-value (LTV) is the loan amount divided by the lesser of the sales price or appraised value. For example, if you are paying 15% of the total cost of the home as a down payment, you would only be borrowing 85% of the total sales price from the lender. Your LTV would be 85%.
A. When the time is right, a Mortgage Loan Originator can "lock-in" the interest rate for you. We will provide you with a written Interest Rate and Price Determination Agreement which details the interest rate and terms of the loan you have requested, as well as the period of time the rate is locked.
A. An 80/10/10 is an 80% first lien, a 10% second lien and a 10% down payment. The 80/10/10 structure allows for 90% financing without mortgage insurance. When a borrower chooses to put less than 20% down for a down payment, he may either split the loan amount into two liens (80/10/10 for example), or he may opt to have one 90% lien and pay mortgage insurance (see below). In the same manner, an 80/15/5 is an 80% first lien, a 15% second lien and a 5% down payment.
A. The closing will take place at a title company. On the day of closing, each borrower will need to bring a valid driver's license. The funds due at closing must be in the form of either a cashier's check made out to the title company or a wire transfer. You may write a personal check up to $1,500.
A. It is your responsibility to secure homeowner's insurance on the home you are purchasing prior to closing. The minimum dwelling coverage required is the lesser of either:
- The total combined loan amount
- The replacement cost on the appraisal
Because you may begin shopping for homeowner's insurance before the appraisal is in, it may be necessary to begin gathering quotes with a minimum dwelling coverage of the combined loan amount. You will be notified of the replacement cost once your property has been appraised.
A. The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the cost of your credit expressed as an annual interest rate. Points and other prepaid finance charges are factored into the APR to show the true yield on the loan, which is why the APR is often higher than your note rate. The APR can be compared to the APR on other loan programs to give you a consistent means of comparing rates and programs.